5 Finger hat die Hand
5 Fingers Has The Hand
There’s no doubt one of John Heartfield’s most famous images was created as a symbol for the five political candidates that were the greatest political threat to Adolf Hitler and The National Socialist Party. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg founded the newspaper Die Rote Fahne (The Red Flag) in Berlin on November 9, 1918. When the German Communist Party (KPD) was formed in 1919, Die Rote Fahne became the party’s central publication.
The newspaper was outlawed, along with everything that was not in line with Adolf Hitler and The Nazi Party, following the fall of the Weimar Republic in 1933. Hitler seized power after his supporters blamed the KPD and Berlin Jews for the 1933 Reichstag (German Parliament) fire. However, Die Rote Fahne continued to be illegally distributed during the Nazi years.
Heartfield protested the murder of Liebknecht and Luxemburg at the direction of the KPD, the hated German Socialist Party that became aligned in many ways with The Nazis in order to maintain power.