By John J Heartfield
The SPD party crisis montage refers to the close relationship of Germany’s Weimar Republic SPD party to The Nazi Party. The photomontage is also known as “The Tiger Montage.” The Social Democratic Party (SPD) controlled Germany before Hitler took control in January 1933. In 1925, the SPD adopted a “capitalist leaning” philosophy. Its police commissioner, Karl Zorgiebel, employed brutal tactics to any resistance. He ordered his police force to open fire on a Berlin May Day parade. Thirty-two people were killed. The majority of them were innocent bystanders. Heartfield was severely beaten in a movie theater when he expressed his opinion of a newsreel with the SPD commissioner. As a muscular supporter of the SPD repeatedly punched him in the face, the five-foot-two-inch Heartfield simply responded: “You are a swine” over and over again.