Kurt Tucholsky Book Cover
Berlin, Germany, 1929
This Weimar Republic Heartfield collage features an aristocrat ogling a flapper appeared on page 101 of the Tucholsky-Heartfield collaboration Deutschland, Deutschland, über alles.
Published in 1929 by Neuer Deutscher Verlag, Tucholsky’s picture-survey was a devastating critique of the Weimar Republic. The conditions in the Weimar Republic were similar to those in the United States during the 2016 presidential race. People who are angry and hurting financially often look towards an authoritarian figure such as Adolf Hitler. They are willing to ignore the ugly foundations of authoritarian politicians.
Heartfield’s stunning graphic designs complemented Tucholsky’s satiric masterpiece perfectly. The book became an instant success in the Weimar Republic. Heartfield’s revolutionary graphics caught the eye of some of the largest advertising agencies in Berlin. He was offered high-level position. He turned them all down.
John Heartfield wanted to be a successful artist since he was a very young man. His graphic designs for Malik Verlag publishing made his reputation. But he desire something more than applause from critics and offers from agencies. He wanted to use his art “as a weapon” against ignorance and injustice. It was well known that Heartfield felt injustice was a personal attack against him.