<< HEARTFIELD CHRONOLOGY - ALL YEARS1969 1983 1992

“I first wrote to the Heartfield Archiv in April, 1988. In Berlin, one Elizabeth Patzwall was extremely clear and forceful about refusing to let me see anything. When I returned home, a letter of refusal was waiting–dated June 6!–implying I had “not applied in time,” (that is absolutely absurd!). Two years later, I […applied again…] and the same things started to happen again. I wrote. There was no answer. I tried to call, which was completely hopeless. I wrote again. The answer was still NO. One is led to suppose that getting in or not getting in depended on personalities rather than policies. Of course, I was disappointed, frustrated, and angry.”
Excerpts from PhD Candidate Nancy Roth In An October 1992 Letter
To John Joseph Heartfeld Regarding Her Experience With The John Heartfield Archiv

Heartfield Archive Akademie Der Künste. John Heartfield Genius Disappears Behind East German Walls, 1969 – 1992.

Heartfield’s third wife, Gertrud Heartfield, remains a resident of East Berlin until her death in 1983. For some reason, she is granted an unusual privilege by East Germany. She is allowed to own a western automobile. She uses it to drive all over Europe and collect every piece of John Heartfield’s art she can find.

Gertrud writes to Heartfield’s son, Tom George. Heartfield, in New York. She asks him to help her with the archive. She also asks Tom to return his father’s original art to East Berlin from storage in Queens, New York.

Two days after Heartfield’s death, a “Marriage Certificate” was issued by East Germany (GDR) documenting Heartfield’s name change (1964) and the marriage of John and Gertrud Heartfield (1952).

In 1969, one year after Heartfield’s death, Gertrud signs an agreement that transfers all of John Heartfield’s original art and ephemera (material related to the art) to the Heartfield Archiv, East German Akademie der Künste (The Heartfield Archive, East Germany Academy Of Art. The archive is tasked with conserving, organizing, cataloging, and exhibiting John Heartfield’s art and possessions in order to preserve his legacy. Of course, it’s an accepted responsibility of any artist’s archive to allow access to scholars so they may study material necessary for the publication of books, articles, essays, and theses.

In 1957, Heartfield’s art was retrieved from his 1931 Moscow Exhibition. When all of Heartfield’s art and personal possessions have been transferred to the Heartfield Archiv (Heartfield Archive), they become, as they always were, property of the state.

The Heartfield Archiv, Akademie der Künste, holds approximately 64 original pieces of John Heartfield’s photomontages (maquettes). These are the works containing the elements that Heartfield meticulously put together using many types of media. The maquettes display Heartfield’s mastery of collage technique. They also show his precise instructions to the rotogravure masters who made mass distribution of Heartfield’s art possible.

The Heartfield Archiv also contains sketches and models of John Heartfield’s stage designs for Bertolt Brecht and many other important playwrights. In addition, there are historic photos and documents.

In short, Berlin’s Heartfield Archiv (John Heartfield Archive) is a treasure trove of art and materials directly related to one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century.

The curator believes there are factors that have directly impacted John Heartfield’s reputation and renown that cannot be dismissed. Documents and letters show that the policies and actions of the John Heartfield Archiv (Heartfield Archive) have often been at odds with the recognized policies of any major artist’s archive. The curator believes these policies has been driven by a combination of financial necessity and political circumstances. In any case, those policies have directly contributed to a question that is heard much too often. Who is John Heartfield? Why is the greatest political artist and graphic designer of the twentieth century unknown to so many?

The Official John Heartfield Exhibition curator traveled to Berlin at the invitation of the Heartfield Archiv, Akademie der Künste. The invitation was extended so that the new archive director could address the curator’s concerns in a face-to-face meeting. Progress was made. However, serious issues remain to be addressed.

Please refer to the expanding section of this exhibition entitled Hidden Genius for the curator’s continuing commentary on the policies of The Heartfield Archive (Heartfield Archive, Akademie der Künste).

The Chronology section will always grow. Please check the Exhibition’s Social Media Sites for updates.

John Heartfield’s grandson, Professor John J Heartfield, offers an Art & Politics, Politics & Art presentation to audiences in all types of venues. He was a featured presenter at 2016 DADA WORLD FAIR (The Collage Museum, San Francisco). Please write to him for more information.

SUBJECT

Curated By Heartfield's Grandson, John J Heartfield