"A photograph can, by the addition of an unimportant spot of color, become a photomontage, a work of art..."
German Dada Engineer John Heartfield
German Dada Engineer John Heartfield

This John Heartfield Chronology is expanded and improved from the former Chronology on the John Heartfield Internet Archive. The participation of art scholars, visitors, and this website's editors has been invaluable.

The curator has grouped years in this Chronology section to provide visitors with a sense of the major stages in John Heartfield’s life and work.

A brief description of each year is available below.

The Chronology section will always grow. Please check the Exhibition's Networking Sites such as - Facebook, Twitter, Exhibition Blog - for updates.

1891 1899 1905 1908 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1923 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1945 1946 1947 1949 1950 1951 1952 1954 1956 1957 1958 1960 1962 1964 1968 1969 1983 1992 1993 2011 2013

1891: Helmut Herzfeld Is Born
1899: Abandoned In The Woods
1905: Apprentice In Wiesbaden
1908: Early Art Education
1912: Work As A Commercial Artist
1913: Studies Art In Berlin
EARLY INFLUENCES: 1914-1917
1914: Protests War And Nationalism
1915: Destroys All Early Work
1916: Herzfeld Becomes Heartfield
1917: Malik-Verlag Publishing
Dada: 1918-1929
1918: Founding Member Of Berlin Club Dada
1919: Politics and Die Pleite
1920: First International Dada Fair
1921-1922: Set Designer
1923: Bertolt Brecht
1927: Erwin Piscator
1928: Five Fingers Has A Hand!
1929: FILM UND FOTO
Art Against Fascism: 1930-1939
1930: Art As A Weapon
1931-1932: Returns To Berlin From Travels West
1933: Marked For Death By Hitler's SS
1934: Mánes In Prague
1936: International Photo Exhibition In Prague
1937: Hunted In Prague
1938: Forced To Flee Czechoslovakia
1939: Free German League Of Culture
London: 1940-1948
1940: Internment In England
1941: Heartfield Begs To Stay In London
1942: London Exhibition
1945: Letter From George Grosz
1946: Exhibition In Amsterdam
1947: The Reluctant Professor
East German (GDR) Persecution: 1949-1956
1949: Resists Return To East Berlin
1950: Under Stasi Suspicion
1951: Traitor To East Germany (GDR)
1952: The Eternal Pacifist
1954: Disappearing Behind The Berlin Wall
1956: Brecht And Heym Intervene
Final Years: 1957-1968
1957: From Leipzig To Berlin
1958-1959: ein Künstler des Volkes
1960-1961: Professor John Heartfield
1962: Wieland Herzfelde Monograph
1964-1965: Exhibitions
1968: John Heartfield Dies In East Berlin
Heartfield Genius Hidden: 1969-1991
1969: East German Akademie Der Künste
1983: Gertrud Heartfield Dies In East Berlin
1992: John J Heartfield Visits Heartfield Archive, East Berlin
Heartfield Recognition: 1993-2014
1993: Akademie Der Künste Acknowledges Heartfield Heirs
2011: The Official John Heartfield Internet Archive
2013-2014: The Official John Heartfield Exhibition and Archive

NOTE: Visitors are encouraged to write to the curator with suggestions for additions or modifications to the Chronology.

Write To John Heartfield

John Heartfield’s grandson, John J Heartfield, is the curator of the Official John Heartfield Exhibition and Archive.